Nowhere in the Himalayas is the natural heritage more rich and varied than in Bhutan. In historical records, the kingdom is referred to as the 'Valley of Medicinal Herbs' - a name that still applies to this day. The country's richly diverse flora and fauna result from its unique geographic location and its considerable altitudinal variation, from 200 metres above sea level in the south to over 7000 metres above sea level in the north, and consequent dramatic climatic variations. Because of the deep traditional reverence which the Bhutanese have for nature, the kingdom is one of the leading countries in environmental conservation.
Bhutan retains all the charm of the old world and travellers experience the full glory of this ancient land as embodied in the monastic fortresses, ancient temples, monasteries and stupas which dot the countryside, prayer flags fluttering above farmhouses and on the hillsides, lush forests, rushing glacial rivers, and the warm smiles and genuine friendliness of the people.